Below is our free APUSH unit 4 practice test. This unit delves into the rapid territorial growth of the United States. Events like the Louisiana Purchase, the War of 1812, and the implementation of the Monroe Doctrine showcase the nation’s expanding geopolitical influence. The concept of Manifest Destiny and its implications for Native Americans and Mexicans is also a focal point.
Questions 1–3 refer to the following excerpt:
Which of the following factors led to the War of 1812?
A Canadian invasion of New England.
Growing American involvement in European commerce and affairs.
The destruction of the White House by British ships.
A Spanish invasion of California.
What impact did the War of 1812 have an American nationalism?
The war reduced nationalism because it was a decisive defeat for America.
Although the war was a decisive defeat, it had no impact on American nationalism.
Although the conflict was indecisive, it boosted American nationalism.
Although the war was a decisive victory, it had no impact on American nationalism.
What impact did the War of 1812 have on American politics?
It ushered in the Era of Good Feelings.
It led to the birth of the Free Soil party.
It had no effect on American politics.
It caused many Americans to be abstain from voting.
Questions 4–6 refer to the following excerpt:
The above passage highlights which of the following features of Romantic literature from the 19th century?
Logic and reason.
Emotion and naturalism.
Classicalism and realism.
Surrealism and post-modernism.
What did the Romantic movement reveal about American culture?
It showed European influence on American culture.
It showed American influence on European culture.
It demonstrated that American culture never changes.
It revealed that Americans had no culture because they refused to participate in the Romantic movement.
The Romantic movement can best be characterized as a reaction against what contemporary 19th century phenomenon?
The greed of mercantilism.
The homogeneity of political globalization.
The mechanization of the Industrial Revolution.
The heroism of nationalism.
Questions 7–8 refer to the following excerpt:
What significant consequences did improvements during the Transportation Revolution, such as the Erie Canal, have on the American economy?
Canals stimulated the construction of boats which led to a major economic boom.
Canal construction encouraged new inventions which boosted productivity.
It had little impact on the economy because canals were quickly surpassed by automobiles and airplanes.
Canals helped connect the regional and national economics.
Did all regions of the country benefit equally from the Transportation Revolution?
Yes — extensive canals, roads, and railroads were built throughout the nation.
Yes — but only a few miles of canals and roads were built during this period.
No — the North and old Northwest benefitted the most.
No — the South lagged behind the North and Old Northwest so most of the improvements were constructed to help the South catch up.
Questions 9–11 refer to the following excerpt:
Did all regions of the country benefit from the industrialization depicted in Robinson’s memoir?
Yes — many factories in different industries were built throughout the nation.
Yes — but only a few textile factories were built.
No — the Southern economy had lagged behind the North and Old Northwest so they built more factories in order to catch up.
No — the South had less capital to invest and focused on agricultural economic activity.
In what ways, if any, did women participate in the Market Revolution?
Many women owned businesses and were legally entitled to receive equal pay.
Women worked in unskilled or semi-skilled jobs for little pay.
Women began to fill large numbers of skilled manufacturing jobs.
Women did not participate in the Market Revolution because they felt it was improper to work outside the home.
What, if any, political implications did the Market Revolution have in the early 19th century?
The consequences of the Market Revolution played a key role in defining the Second Party System.
The Democrats supported the Market Revolution because it stimulated industrialization.
The Whigs opposed the Market Revolution because it led to greater social inequality.
The Market Revolution had no political implications because everyone supported it.
Question 12 refers to the following excerpt:
What social consequences did the Second Great Awakening have in the early 19th century?
The Second Great Awakening focused on social justice which led to equality for women and African Americans.
The Second Great Awakening inspired a variety of dystopian communities.
The Second Great Awakening inspired a variety of social reform movements.
The Second Great Awakening led to greater ecumenical cooperation between Protestants and Catholics.
Questions 13–14 refer to the following excerpt:
How much support did Garrison’s message find amongst Americans in the 19th century?
Very little — most Americans were indifferent to slavery or supported it.
Very little — the lack of effective communications prevented Garrison from spreading his message.
A lot — many Americans had long hated slavery and only needed a visionary like Garrison to lead them.
A lot — most Americans felt ashamed of the nation’s continued support for slavery.
What was an important consequence of the Missouri Compromise of 1820?
It overturned the Dred Scott decision by banning slavery in all parts of the newly acquired Louisiana territory.
It caused the Civil War by permitting slavery in all parts of the Louisiana territory.
It temporarily silenced debate but ultimately failed to resolve the controversy over slavery.
It permanently resolved the debate over slavery by counting slaves as three-fifths of a person.
Questions 15–16 refer to the following excerpt:
How successful was the Seneca Falls convention in advancing women’s rights?
It began the process of organizing advocates but change occurred slowly over decades.
Because the resolution was so confrontational it actually set back the cause of women’s rights for millennia.
It immediately led to equal economic rights for women, but not political suffrage.
It immediately led to equal political and economic rights for women.
In what way did the Seneca Falls declaration challenge the gendered concept of separate spheres?
It urged men to give some of their rights to women.
It affirmed the supremacy of modern customs over traditions.
It urged women to fight in wars.
It challenged the notion that men and women were fundamentally different.
Questions 17–18 refer to the following excerpt:
Which of the following early 19th century policies would Jacksonian Democrats have supported?
Tariffs because they raised the price of manufactured goods.
A national bank because it made loans to humble citizens.
The abolition of property requirements for elections and political candidates.
The right of Southern states to secede when their complaints were ignored.
Why did Jacksonian Democrats oppose the Market Revolution and industrialization?
The economic changes created inequality and wage-dependency.
The economic changes benefitted the South and impoverished the North.
The economic changes reinforced support for slavery.
Jacksonian Democrats favored socialism over capitalism.
Question 19 refers to the following excerpt:
Which of the following factors put pressure on Native American territory in the southeastern US in the early 19th century?
Rumors of gold and silver deposits on Native American land.
A desire to build factories and canals on Native American land.
Soil depletion pushed farmers west in search of new land.
A desire to punish Native American tribes for supporting Union forces during the Civil War.
Question 20 refers to the following excerpt:
Which of the following statements correctly summarizes the Monroe Doctrine?
The doctrine was an early example of American isolationist tendencies.
The doctrine forced Spain to liberate all her remaining colonies.
The doctrine meant little without the support of the British navy.
The doctrine resulted in America acquiring many new colonies.
Questions 21–22 refer to the following excerpt:
Which of the following statements accurately summarizes the concept of judicial review, as established by Marbury v. Madison?
The Supreme Court should review laws that conflict with the Constitution but cannot declare a law is unconstitutional.
When the law and Constitution conflict, it is impossible to know which takes precedent.
When the law and Constitution conflict, the Supreme Court will always rule in favor of the law.
The Supreme Court should review laws that conflict with the Constitution and can strike down a law as unconstitutional.
The concept of Judicial Review is an example of which of the following?
Checks and balances.