The following quiz is a great study resource for AP World History Unit 8: Cold War and Decolonization. This unit covers events from 1900 to the present, with a large focus on the Cold War, its causes and effects, and how it ended. Other topics include the spread of communism, African and Asian colonies gaining independence, and the creation of new states after the decolonization movement.
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Questions 1–4 refer to the passage below.
In the passage above, Nixon discusses the use of a dishwasher by American women. Which of the following characteristics of the American capitalist economy best explains this discussion?
The American economy benefited from federal support of labor unions
The American capitalist system promoted the purchasing of large scale industrial machinery
The newly developed techniques for advertising were effective in promoting the purchase of consumer products
The American free enterprise system fostered the emergence of a middle class that could afford to purchase consumer durables
This passage is evidence of a major turning point in world history primarily because:
It showed the shifting pattern of American trade with Russia
It exposed the underlying flaws of capitalism and the advantages of central planning
It showed that Nixon was a poor statesman
It marked a clear distinction over the fundamentals of Communism between Khruschev and Nixon for the first time in a public forum
The exchange between Nixon and Khruschev in the passage shows which of the struggles of the Cold War?
The political conflicts and ideological wars that occurred in Asia, Africa, and Latin America
The economic battle over a consumer economy based on private enterprise or a command economy based on large scale industrial production
The early formations of Marxist-Leninist doctrine in which an intellectual class of Communists must train the proletarians to develop class consciousness
The technological advancement of the Americans in the areas of mass industrialization
In this passage, Khruschev states that American houses are “built to last only 20 years.” This is reflective of which Soviet critique?
American families strived to own homes in the suburbs
The American economy was based on “planned obsolescence” or the unnecessary purchasing of products by consumers to support the economic growth
The consumer economy was based on large scale industrial production that led to economic inequality
The US had failed to build suitable housing for its steel workers as a result of the decline in labor unions
Questions 5–7 refer to the images below.Source 1:
Which of the following historical developments most strongly contributed to the political cartoon’s message in both posters?
The development of a political conflict led by JFK and Khruschev as a result of the Cuban Missile Crisis
The increasing threat of Soviet nuclear weapons for Southeast Asia
The development of government-funded nuclear programs making the world a safer place for democracy in Asia, Africa, and Latin America
The Americans were the only ones capable of controlling and limiting Soviet aggression in Asia
A historian would most likely use Poster 1 to research which of the following developments in the period 1900-Present?
The different propaganda methods that the United States used during times of war to help foster public support
The ways that the British government interacted with free-market economics
The influence of the monarchy in the British political system
The overexpansion of the British Empire, and its eventual downfall after WWII
During this time period, which of the following was most directly a response to the messages expressed in the two images?
Ideological wars fought in Asia, Africa, and Latin America
Strategic Arms Limitations Treaties (SALT I and II)
The anti-war movement
Questions 8–9 refer to the photograph below.
“Fall of the Berlin Wall” (1989).
Conditions as seen in the image “Fall of the Berlin Wall” contributed most directly to which of the following?
An increase in the spread of U.S. military bases in places like Poland and other parts of eastern Europe
An increase in the rise of Communist party operations throughout eastern Europe
A decline in the use of American troops to spread democracy
The collapse of the Soviet Union by 1991 and the transition to a capitalist economy
“Fall of the Berlin Wall” (1989).
What most directly caused what is seen in the image above?
The political reforms of Glasnost and the economic reforms of Perestroika
The increasing power of Soviet dictators during the late 20th century
The complete transition of the Soviet Union to a capitalist economy in the late 20th century
The corruption of the Soviet governments in urban centers
Question 10 refers to the passages below.
The statements of both Ho Chi Minh and Jomo Kenyatta share the same goal of:
using violence as a means of achieving freedom
breaking free from the chains of colonization to establish an independent nation
spreading the ideals of democracy across the entire region
avoiding a military conflict with the imperialists
Questions 11–12 refer to the passage below.
The excerpt best reflects an effort by Mandela to encourage:
unity and integration in a post-Apartheid South Africa
the landowning whites to give up some of their land
the enactment of socialist programs for all social services so as to make them dependent upon the government
the construction of a democratic political system based on the two party system
The ideas expressed by Mandela as a twentieth century world leader in the excerpt were most similar to those of which?
Ho Chi Minh
John F. Kennedy
Questions 13–14 refer to the passages below.
The views expressed in the two passages were most directly caused by which of the following trends in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries?
The development of a human rights commission that all groups agreed upon
The governments of many developed Western countries adopted policies of economic liberalization and deregulation
The rise of extremist groups in power led to the attempted destruction of specific populations and to other atrocities, acts of genocide, or ethnic violence
Governments in Asia and Africa collaborated with dictatorial regimes to protect business interests of multinational corporations
The philosophy of human rights reflected in the two passages most directly contributed to which of the following?
The destruction of specific populations and to other atrocities, acts of genocide, or ethnic violence
The shift of human rights from the postindustrial countries of the West to the new manufacturing centers in Asia and Latin America
The strict enforcement of stronger measures to safeguard childrens’ rights in many developing countries
The adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and creation of of the International Court of Justice after World War II