Our APUSH unit 3 practice test includes 21 multiple choice questions. This period is marked by the struggle for independence and the birth of a new nation. The challenges of drafting foundational documents, and the debates that shaped them, such as those regarding federalism and individual rights, are central themes.
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Questions 1–3 refer to the following excerpt:
What goal did Pontiac try to achieve by making this speech?
He wanted to convert the Ottawa to Christianity to stop sin.
He wanted to create unity and cultural rejuvenation among indigenous peoples.
He wanted the Ottawa to become vegetarians.
He wanted to stop fratricide among the Ottawa.
What consequences did the French & Indian War have for indigenous peoples?
After the French victory they won full citizenship.
Nothing changed because it was a stalemate.
The British victory meant they all received full citizenship.
The British victory resulted in renewed pressure on tribal lands.
How did colonists react to the Proclamation of 1763?
Many were angered and continued to settle illegally beyond the demarcation line.
Most colonists supported it because the proclamation ordered the expulsion of French settlers from Canada.
The colonists were unanimously disgusted because it ordered the colonies to convert to Catholicism.
Most supported it because it ordered the Native Americans to give up all their lands in North America.
Questions 4–6 refer to the map below depicting the French and Indian War.
What important consequences did the French & Indian War have in North America?
None — the conflict ended in a stalemate.
The French victory forced the British king to abdicate.
The British victory expelled France from North America.
The British victory resulted in Spain taking over Canada.
How did Britain try to deal with the massive expenses they incurred during the French & Indian War?
The British crown began to more rigorously enforce imperial policies and taxes.
The British king sold the crown jewels and all the other royal treasures.
The British empire sold all the colonies in North America to France.
The British cabinet forced the North American colonies to loan money to the crown.
What role did the Native Americans play in the French and Indian War?
None — They stopped trading with both the French and British.
Indigenous peoples burned down Washington D.C. and the White House.
Although unanimously allied with the British, indigenous people fought in few battles.
Many Indigenous peoples sided with the French and attacked the British colonial frontier.
Questions 7–8 refer to the following excerpt:
Which of the following examples best supports Adams’ claim?
The Battle of Lexington & Concord because the Revolution only broke out after the colonies had won the war.
The Stamp Act because it helped unite the colonies.
Shay’s Rebellion because it helped inspired the Constitution.
The Boston Tea Party because it forced King George to sign the Declaration of Independence.
Which of the following statements best describes colonial attitudes during the Revolution?
Colonists overwhelming supported the Revolution — although a tiny minority opposed it.
A small minority supported it — the vast majority were indifferent.
Many colonists were patriots but there were also many loyalists and fence-sitters.
It is impossible to know because opinion polling did not yet exist.
Questions 9–10 refer to this map of battles during the American Revolution.
Which of the following statements best describes the course of the American Revolution?
The patriot forces eventually prevailed after a long and hard campaign.
All the important Revolutionary battles occurred in Massachusetts.
The small and professional British army was quickly overwhelmed by colonial forces.
At the time, it was impossible to know who was winning the war.
What was the significance of the Battle of Saratoga in the autumn of 1777?
None — it ended in a stalemate.
It was a major British victory that crushed colonial hopes for a quick victory.
It was a pyrrhic colonial victory that prolonged the war.
It was a patriot victory that encouraged the French to support the revolution.
Questions 11–13 refer to the following excerpt:
What, if any, impact did the Enlightenment have on the American Revolution?
None — the Enlightenment was a religious movement.
Loyalists drew on Enlightenment ideals to refute the Revolution.
The Enlightenment was inspired by the Revolution.
The Enlightenment laid the foundation for the Revolution.
How did the Constitution address slavery?
The Founding Fathers banned slavery because it violated the ideals of the Revolution.
The Constitution included several compromises that legalized slavery.
The Constitution required that all slaves return to Africa.
The Constitution freed all slaves over the age of 18.
What, if any, influence did the Revolution have on world history?
None — slow trans-Atlantic communications meant that people in other regions never learned about the Revolution.
The Revolution had an immediate impact and lead to a massive wave of similar rebellions in every country in the world.
The ideals of the Revolution eventually inspired later movements in Latin America, the Caribbean, and France.
The Revolution forced monarchs in Europe to quickly make concessions in order to avoid similar uprisings.
Questions 14–16 refer to the following excerpt:
Which of the following examples best supports Rush’s argument?
The transition from the Articles of Confederation to the Constitution.
Bacon’s Rebellion because it almost forced the revocation of the Bill of Rights.
The fact that no national government was established until after Cornwallis’ surrender at Yorktown.
The First Great Awakening because it taught Americans morals.
Which of the following issues would the Federalist Party have supported?
The Articles of Confederation.
The passage of the Constitution.
The need to protect individual liberty.
Opposition to the national bank.
What position did Anti-Federalists take on the Bill of Rights?
The Bill of Rights was unnecessary because the Constitution provided enough protections.
The Bill of Rights was illegal because the Constitution could not be altered.
The Bill of Rights was necessary in order to restrain the federal government.
The Bill of Rights actually was harmful because it gave more power to the federal government.
Questions 17–18 refer to this painting from the late 18th century.
What political role did women play in the new American republic?
As mothers, they perpetuated republican ideals.
They unanimously opposed it because they could not vote.
They supported it because they enjoyed full equality.
None — they were completely uninterested in politics.
What economic role did women play in the new American republic?
Women had full equality and participated in every aspect of the economy.
American women refused to work at all until they received equal wages.
Women were generally paid less than men and rarely owned business.
None — women were not permitted to work.
Question 19–20 refers to the image below which depicts General Washington during the Whiskey rebellion (1791–1794).
What consequences did the Whiskey Rebellion have?
The rebellion was put down which helped secure the authority of the new national government created by the Constitution.
The rebellion nearly succeeded and thus hastened the end of the Articles of Confederation.
Massacres during the rebellion resulted in the passage of the Bill of Rights.
Washington was seriously wounded during the rebellion which led to the creation of the office of vice president in case the president died in office.
Why is the presidential election of 1800 sometimes referred to as a “revolution?”
The electoral crisis led to the creation of the Constitution.
It was a peaceful transition from a Federalist to a Democratic-Republican administration.
It led to an armed conflict between the Federalists and Democratic-Republicans over control of the White House.
It was the first election in which women could vote.
Question 21 refers to this image from the Battle of Fallen Timbers (1794):
Which of the following events helped secure American control over the future states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin?
Victory in the Northwest Indian War.
Passage of the Northwest Ordinance.
All of the above.