This AP Psychology practice test covers learning. For your AP exam you will need to know about classical conditioning, operant conditioning, cognitive processes, social learning, and biological factors. Try our free quiz to prepare for the AP Psychology learning questions.
Through direct experience with animals, small children come to predict that dogs will bark and that birds will chirp. This best illustrates what psychological learning concept?
Law of Effect
Blinking in response to a puff of air directed to your eye is a(n):
None of the above
Maddie gets a speeding ticket, and as a result her parents take her car away for two weeks. This is an example of what type of consequence?
What is an example of a secondary reinforcer?
Leah is interested in helping her daughter learn manners. Each time her daughter says something that is close to being polite, she reinforces her. Eventually, her daughter should learn good manners. What term is explained by this process?
Which of the following is an example of a fixed-interval reinforcement schedule?
Getting the mail if it comes every day at 3 PM
Getting a reward for good behavior once in a while
Getting paid for each box of cookies you sell
When a dog gets a treat every time it sits on command
Winning money at a Bingo game
Responding to a stimulus in order to avoid electric shock is an example of what?
Rats that do not find a positive reinforcer at the end of a maze do not demonstrate better performance on the maze when compared to rats that do find a positive reinforcer at the end of a maze. However, if the first group does after many runs of the maze begin receiving a positive reinforcement at the end of a maze, their performance in the maze begins to match the second group’s performance. This is an example of what effect?
Law of effect
Law of exercise
Under which reinforcement schedule is it most important for an organism to learn to accurately estimate time?
Which is most true of punishment?
It always has a long-range inhibitory effect upon behavior.
It is effective as a means of extinction.
It is effective in behavior control without undesirable side effects.
It is effective specifically in cases of retroactive inhibition.
It is most effective when it is immediate.
What is the basis of Thorndike’s Law of Effect?
In addition to practice, there must be reinforcement.
In addition to reinforcement, there must be reward.
Neither practice nor reward is important to learning.
Something learned with reinforcement can never be extinguished.
Practice alone produces learning.
The terms “reconditioning” and “spontaneous recovery” both describe the increase in a conditioned response that was believed to be extinguished. What is the key difference between these two terms?
Spontaneous recovery occurs after a period with no exposure to the conditioned stimulus, whereas reconditioning occurs after re-exposure to an additional pairing of the conditioned stimulus and the unconditioned stimulus.
Spontaneous recovery occurs for biologically prepared associations, whereas reconditioning can occur with any arbitrary learned association.
Spontaneous recovery refers to classical conditioning and reconditioning refers to operant conditioning.
Spontaneous recovery refers to positive reinforcement and reconditioning refers to negative reinforcement.
The two terms are synonyms; there is no difference.
In signal-detection research, occasionally a subject will report detecting a signal even in the signal’s absence. What is this called?
The conditioned stimulus gets its meaning from its association with the:
A gambler’s addiction is a result of what reinforcement schedule?
When an animal receives a punishment but learns that pressing a button will eliminate the punishment, escape learning takes place. However, after repeated attempts if there is no response that will turn off the shock, the situation is best described as what?
Conditioned emotional response
Every day, Zach walks home from school with his sister, Abby. One day, Abby has to stay late for soccer practice, so Zach tries to walk home by himself. He has never done this before, but he is surprised to discover that he learned the route correctly after all of those walks with his sister. What is Zach’s situation an example of?