This AP Psychology practice test covers abnormal behavior and the treatment of abnormal behavior. For this section of the AP Psychology course, you will need to know definitions of abnormality and theories of psychopathology. There will also be questions on the primary types of disorders and the various approaches to treatment. Test your knowledge now with our free abnormal psychology quiz.
Congratulations - you have completed . You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
According to the biological perspective, psychological disorders result from:
Traumatic childhood experiences
Lack of positive self-regard
Dysfunctional societal views
Question 1 Explanation:
The correct answer is (E). The biological perspective focuses on the chemical and physical, or biological explanations for human behavior. Those utilizing the biological perspective investigate the links between physiological factors and an organism’s psychology. Consequently, a biopsychologist is likely to attribute a psychological disorder’s cause to be rooted in a chemical or physical abnormality.
What kind of psychologist would be most likely to explain depression as the result of an unconscious process in which anger is turned inward, likely due to repression?
Question 2 Explanation:
The correct answer is (D). Psychodynamic (or psychoanalytic) psychologists view depression and other mental diseases resulting from the unconscious activity of the mind.
During the manic phase of a bipolar disorder, individuals are most likely to experience:
lethargy and immobility
high irrational self-esteem
delusions of persecution
grief and despair
Question 3 Explanation:
The correct answer is (B). The manic phase of bipolar disorder is marked by emotional highs, excessive energy, restlessness, and other erratic behavior. High self-esteem is in line with the extremely positive self-perception that a person experiencing mania exhibits. None of the other answer choices are exhibited during the manic phase.
Which of the following is considered to be a psychotic disorder?
antisocial personality disorder
dissociative identity disorder
post-traumatic stress disorder
Question 4 Explanation:
The correct answer is (E). Psychotic disorders are those marked by abnormal thought patterns and perceptions. People suffering from psychotic disorders often experience auditory and visual hallucinations. Schizophrenia is a disease that falls under this description. Those suffering from schizophrenia often misinterpret reality.
An antisocial personality disorder is most likely to be characterized by:
a lack of feelings of guilt and disregard for the law
a persistent, irrational fear of people
delusions of grandeur
disruptions in conscious awareness and sense of identity
episodes of intense autonomic nervous system arousal
Question 5 Explanation:
The correct answer is (A). Antisocial personality disorder is most commonly linked with a lack of empathy, compassion, or feeling for other people. Those suffering from antisocial personality disorder exhibit a long term pattern of disregard for other peoples’ feelings and well-being.
What are obsessions?
False beliefs of persecution of grandeur.
Hyperactive, wildly optimistic states of emotion.
Offensive and unwanted thoughts that persistently preoccupy a person.
Periodic episodes of intense dread accompanied by frightening physical sensations.
Persistent, irrational fears of specific objects or situations.
Question 6 Explanation:
The correct answer is (C). An obsession is the inability of a person to stop thinking about a particular topic or to stop feeling a certain emotion without experiencing a high amount of anxiety as a result.
For which of the following would the DSM 5 be most useful?
Kim is excessively introverted.
Denise is chronically depressed.
John has poor interpersonal skills.
Tyson has trouble solving algebra problems.
Tony is unsure of his sexual orientation.
Question 7 Explanation:
The correct answer is (B). The DSM 5 is used by health care professionals in the US as the authoritative guide to the diagnosis of mental disorders. The DSM 5 contains descriptions, symptoms, and other criteria for diagnosing mental disorders. The only mental disorder in this example is in reference to Denise and chronic depression.
People with a narcissistic personality disorder are likely to be preoccupied with:
an irrational fear of people
delusions of persecution
physical symptoms of distress
doing uncontrollable repetitive behaviors
their own self-importance
Question 8 Explanation:
The correct answer is (E). Narcissistic personality disorder is a mental disorder in which people have an inflated sense of their own importance, a deep need for admiration and a lack of empathy for others.
Leslie, a teacher, complains that she feels apprehensive and fearful most of the time but doesn’t know why. Without warning, her heart begins to pound, her hands get icy, and she breaks out in a cold sweat. What psychological disorder does Leslie likely suffer from?
generalized anxiety disorder
Question 9 Explanation:
The correct answer is (C). Generalized anxiety disorder, or GAD, is characterized as excessive, exaggerated anxiety and worry about routine life events with no apparent reasons for worry. People with symptoms of GAD tend to always expect disaster and cannot stop worrying about health, family, money, work, or school.
Which category of psychological disorders is most commonly treated in the United States?
Somatic symptom disorders
Question 10 Explanation:
The correct answer is (B). Mood disorders are so common in the United States that they are often referred to as the “common cold” of psychological disorders.
Lula Cook’s husband, Peter, went on a work trip and never returned home. Lula and her children presumed him to be dead. Years later, while on a road trip in another state, a real estate billboard caught Lula’s eye — because it was her husband, now with a new life and a new family! Peter’s symptoms and behavior would suggest what psychological occurrence?
Dissociative identity disorder
Question 11 Explanation:
The correct answer is (A). Dissociative fugue is an episode of amnesia in which a person is unable to recall some or all of one’s past. This amnesia results in either the loss of one’s identity or the formation of a new identity and typically occurs with a sudden, unexpected purposeful travel away from home without any other noticeable signs of illness.
Edward is an institutionalized mental patient who believes that people are out to get him and that the President communicates directly with him via the ketchup bottle on the dinner table. Edward is demonstrating what psychological symptom?
Question 12 Explanation:
The correct answer is (E). This is an extreme, psychotic-level example of paranoia. In more common forms, an individual may think that people are talking about them whenever they walk into a room.
The DSM 5 classification of psychological disorders does not consider which of the following to be a disorder?
Dissociative Identity Disorder
Question 13 Explanation:
The correct answer is (D). Although early editions of the DSM included homosexuality as a disorder, in 1973 the APA voted to remove it. The latest editions of the DSM do not consider homosexuality to be a psychological disorder.
Which of the following fears or phobias is considered the fear of open spaces?
Question 14 Explanation:
The correct answer is (B). A fear of open spaces is known as agoraphobia. Acrophobia is fear of heights, aerophobia is fear of flying, arachnophobia is fear of insects, and claustrophobia is fear of enclosed spaces.
Hugh has returned from a 6-month deployment in Afghanistan. He now hits the ground at the sight of an airplane or helicopter, jumps at the sound of a firecracker, and has vivid nightmares that haunt him in his sleep. Which psychological disorder does he likely suffer from?
Delusions of Persecution
Dissociative Identity Disorder
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Question 15 Explanation:
The correct answer is (E). When a person has experienced a highly traumatic event (like rape or combat), there is a strong likelihood that the person will relive the event trauma and avoid anything or anyone who reminds them of the trauma. This disorder can result in extreme responses to any stimulus that is reminiscent of the traumatic event.
A significant difference between a fear and a phobia is that:
Phobias are fears that are irrational and out of proportion to the stimulus
Phobias are fears under the individual’s control
Phobias are not effectively treated by psychotherapy
Fears bring about less intense actions
Fears activate the parasympathetic nervous system, phobias do not
Question 16 Explanation:
The correct answer is (A). Phobias are often irrational and not sensible in terms of the actual threat.
Which of the following is true of schizophrenia?
It affects men more frequently than women.
It is a component of dissociative identity disorder.
It is caused by an increase in serotonin to the brain.
It is more prevalent among the wealthy than the poor.
It typically becomes apparent in early adulthood.
Question 17 Explanation:
The correct answer is (E). Schizophrenia typically becomes apparent in early adulthood, with an average age of onset of 21 among men and 27 among women.
Rod was a boxer, routinely taking punches to his head and body. One day, he was punched over his right eye, and he indicated immediately afterward that he was blind. Doctors in the hospital indicated no physiological cause for the blindness. This may be a case of what psychological disorder?
Post-traumatic stress disorder
Traumatic brain injury
Question 18 Explanation:
The correct answer is (B). When the boxer’s head was hit and he couldn’t see, it was a conversion reaction with no physiological foundation.
David counts the cracks in the sidewalk while he walks to work from his subway stop. As he sees the front door of his office, he fears he has miscounted and must return to the subway stop to get an accurate count before beginning his day. What psychological disorder is this behavior exemplifying?
Question 19 Explanation:
The correct answer is (D). This behavior is highly representative of obsessive-compulsive disorder. OCD commonly results in unreasonable thoughts and behaviors that lead to repetitive actions called compulsions. Counting steps, in the example provided, is indicative of such a compulsion.
DSM 5 refers to:
Developmental and Social Expectations for Mental Development, 5th edition
Developmental and Statistical Model of Mental Disorders, 5th edition
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition
Dietary and Statistical Model for Avoidance of Mental Defects, 5th edition
Drug and Shock for Mental Disorders, 5th edition
Question 20 Explanation:
The correct answer is (C). DSM 5 refers to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition.
DSM 5 contains:
Defined specific criteria for each psychological disorder
Biological causes of disorders
Environmental causes of disorders
Suggested treatments for disorders
Preventative measures to avoid developing a disorder
Question 21 Explanation:
The correct answer is (A). The DSM 5 is used to diagnose psychological disorders. It contains the defined criteria for all psychological disorders. The DSM does not include information on causes and treatments of disorders.
Daniel lied, stole, fought, and conned people throughout his life. Further, he felt no guilt for his actions, even as he ruined the lives of those closest to him. He likely would be diagnosed with which personality disorder?
Question 22 Explanation:
The correct answer is (A). Lying, cheating, conning, or killing without any sense of guilt or remorse is indicative of antisocial personality disorder.
Panic Disorder is classified as which type of disorder?
Question 23 Explanation:
The correct answer is (A). Panic Disorder is classified as an anxiety disorder. It involves unexpected episodes of dread, terror, and physiological symptoms arising from SNS arousal (racing heart, etc.), as well as fear of the next episode.
Generalized anxiety disorders:
Are synonymous with phobias
Are much less debilitating than phobias
Can be easily and quickly treated
Often have no specific external cause
Typically begin due to a tragic event
Question 24 Explanation:
The correct answer is (D). Generalized anxiety disorders — unlike phobias — often have no specific cause.
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect.
There are 24 questions to complete.
Next Practice Test:
Treatment of Abnormal Behavior >>
AP Psychology Main Menu >>