This AP Psychology practice test covers the history, approaches, and research methods of psychology. On the exam you need to know the basic history of psychology along with the different approaches and subfields. You will also need to be familiar with experimental, correlational, and clinical research. The research methods topic also covers statistics and research ethics. Test your knowledge with our free online quiz.
Chip believes that human behavior is primarily generated in our unconscious minds and is the result of unresolved conflicts and desires, especially rooted in childhood experience. To which psychological perspective is Chip most likely to prescribe?
Debbie is interested in determining if music helps people study. To do this, she uses the help of 40 students in her psychology class. She randomly assigns half the people to study with music in the background for an hour, and the other half study with no music for an hour. The students then take a test on that material. In this example, what is the independent variable?
Music versus no music
Group that studies with no music
Group that studies with music
Scores on the exam
Students in the class
Which of the following would not appear on a normal distribution of intelligence scores for children?
Which of the following best describes the longitudinal research method?
Observing one individual or group in their natural environment for a period of time
Asking questions of a random sample of individuals
Assessing changes in a group of same aged individuals numerous times over many years
Doing cross cultural studies
Testing people of different ages once
In research terms, what qualifies an assessment as “valid?”
If the assessment accurately measures what it claims to be measuring
If the study shows the independent variable is effective
If the study disproves the hypothesis
If the study has a large number of participants
If the study is conducted under controlled conditions
What type of research methodology involves watching participants without interacting with them to see how they behave?
Dr. Miller believes there is a relationship between the amount of carbohydrates a child eats and the hyperactivity of a child. This belief is:
Instead of studying his spelling words like everyone else, Scott copies from other people when the teacher gives a test. A behaviorist would likely attribute Scott’s cheating to:
A genetic tendency to maximize his opportunities for promoting himself above others.
His underdeveloped frontal lobe, which is used in complex decision making and judgment.
His perception that the test is too difficult, and, therefore, his cheating is justified.
Inner conflicts that are buried deep in his unconscious.
The fact that he was reinforced for cheating on a test in the past.
Dr. Daugherty studies how the thickness of the beaks of one species of birds has undergone adaptive changes in response to drought and other environmental factors over a very long period of time. Which psychological approach does Dr. Daugherty take?
What was the name of the pseudoscientific approach to cerebral localization of function that used measurements of bumps and indentations of the skull?
Split brain theory
Who is considered the founder of behaviorism?
If in a bell-shaped symmetrical distribution, the mean, median, and mode are identical, what kind of distribution if present?
Negatively skewed distribution
Positively skewed distribution
In a normal distribution, what is the percentage of scores that lie within one standard deviation of the mean?
On a scatter plot, a pattern of date points extends from the lower-left corner to the upper-right corner. The pattern of data for this scatterplot shows:
A negative correlation
A zero correlation
A negative skew
A positive correlation
A positive skew
Patrick wants to talk to his mother about his weekly allowance. It is currently $1, and he would like it to be increased. He gathers data from several of his friends: $2, $4, $4, $5, $7, $30. To make the best argument to his mother, Patrick would be well-advised to use which measure of central tendency?
We’ve compared two sets of data in a correlational study and have found a correlation coefficient of +.83. We can legitimately conclude that there’s what kind of relationship between our measures?
Strong inverse relationship
Strong positive relationship
Weak inverse relationship
Weak positive relationship